The Battle of Savo Island
The Battle of Savo Island, also known as the First Battle of Savo Island and known by the Guadalcanal veterans as The Battle of the Five Sitting Ducks, was the first major naval engagement of the Guadalcanal campaign. In 37 minutes, three Allied cruisers were sunk, a fourth was scuttled. One cruiser and two destroyers were severely damaged killing 1,077 American and Australian sailors. The Japanese escaped with minor to moderate damage to their cruisers with 129 Japanese sailors killed. This battle is often cited by historians as the worst U.S. Navy defeat in its history.
The Battle of Eastern Solomon Islands
The Battle of Eastern Solomon Islands, also known as the Battle of Stewart Islands occurred on 24 and 25 August 1942. This battle was the third carrier battle in the Pacific during WW2. As at the first two carrier battles, the ships of the American and Japanese navies were never in sight of each other. All of the attacks were conducted by aircraft from both sides.
The Battle of Kolombangara
During the week of 6 July, the U.S. had landed troops on New Georgia to attack Munda and had recently placed Marines on New Georgia's northern shore to seize Bairoko.
The Battle of Kula Gulf
On July 5, 1943, Admiral William Halsey issued orders to Rear Admiral Walden Lee Ainsworth to intercept a "Tokyo Express" shipment of 2,600 Japanese reinforcement troops bound for Vila on the southern tip of Kolombangara. Ainsworth and his force would have to transit "The Slot", a narrow channel from the upper Solomon Islands through the New Georgia Island group. It was a dangerous route that ended in the enemy controlled waters of the Kula Gulf.
“The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”
The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19-20, 1944) was a major naval battle of World War 2 that eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy’s ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions. It took place during the United States’ amphibious invasion of the Mariana Islands during the Pacific War. The battle was the last of five major “carrier-versus-carrier” engagements between American and Japanese naval forces, and pitted elements of the United States Navy’s Fifth Fleet against ships and aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Mobile Fleet and nearby island garrisons.
Strengthening of the ARC
After the end of the Korean War on July 27, 1953, and with brief Colombian participation in it, General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla (former president of the Colombian Republic during the period 1953-1957) decides to initiate a plan to strengthen the nation's armed forces.